2 edition of Interactions of various air pollutants on causation of pulmonary disease found in the catalog.
Interactions of various air pollutants on causation of pulmonary disease
by Environmental Protection Agency; [distributed] by National Technical Information Service in Research Triangle Park, N. C
Written in English
|Statement||[by] Richard Ehrlich and James D. Fenters.|
|Contributions||United States. Environmental Protection Agency., IIT Research Institute.|
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||62|
Mortality rates due to chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) for males and females in standard metropolitan statistical areas are highest in two broad regions of the U.S. One is the southeast, with age-adjusted rates high in Georgia and north Florida but decreasing toward south Florida; the other is the western plains, with rates high in Colorado and north Cited by: 7. Chromosomal Aberrations In Peripheral Lymphocytes Of Students Exposed To Air Pollutants. Epidemiologic Study of the Effects of Automobile Traffic on Blood Lead Levels. Teratology Of Guthion. Interactions of Various Pollutants on Causation of Pulmonary Disease.
Air pollution and hospital admissions for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease61 period. To examine potential effect modification of the influence of air pollutants on the risk of hospital admissions for COPD, analyses stratified by the presence or absence of a secondary diagnosis were conducted as described above. Air pollution has been associated with modern life. The respiratory system is the first point of contact with air pollutants. This research was carried out about the relationship between air pollution and respiratory deaths in Shiraz, Iran. In this ecological study the number of respiratory deaths sorted by gender and age and air pollutants including NO, CO, NO2, .
Many studies have reported the influence of air pollutants on the respiratory system [1,2,3,4,5,6,7].Among air pollutants, particulate matter ≤ μm in diameter (PM ) induces an inflammatory response of the airway when inhaled, reducing the pulmonary function [8,9,10,11].In addition, it is known that exposure to black carbon (BC), a component of PM , Cited by: 7. Chronic pulmonary diseases are a major cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. The present study is a case–control study nested in a defined cohort, undertaken in Athens, Greece, in order to investigate the association between long-term exposure to ambient air pollution and the development of chronic bronchitis, emphysema or chronic obstructive Cited by:
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EPA/ August INTERACTIONS OF VARIOUS POLLUTANTS ON CAUSATION OF PULMONARY DISEASE by Richard Ehrlich I IT Research Institute Chicago, Illinois Contract No. Project Officer Donald E. Gardner Biomedical Research Branch Clinical Studies Division Health Effects Research Laboratory Research Triangle Park.
Author(s): Ehrlich,Richard Title(s): Interactions of various air pollutants on causation of pulmonary disease/ prepared by Richard Ehrlich and James D.
Fenters for Environmental Protection Agency. Country of Publication: United States Publisher: Chicago, Ill.: IIT Research Institute, Description: 62 p.: ill. Selected Answer: bathroom Correct Answer: bathroom Question 5 COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) is caused by exposure to which air pollutants.
Check all that apply. Check all that apply. Selected Answers: Nitrogen oxides Ozone Particulate matter Carbon monoxide Correct Answers: Nitrogen oxides Ozone 3 out of 3 points 3 out of 3. Exposure to air pollution is the ninth leading risk factor for cardiopulmonary mortality.
The aim of this review is to examine the current literature for the most recent updates on health effects of specific air pollutants and their impact on asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, lung cancer, and respiratory by: Physical Activity, Air Pollution, and the Risk of Asthma and Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease October American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine (7) Rationale: There is limited evidence of the effect of exposure to heat on chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) morbidity, and the interactive effect between indoor heat and air pollution has not been established.
Objectives: To determine the effect of indoor and outdoor heat exposure on COPD morbidity and to determine whether air pollution Cited by: 8.
Salamanca, Mexico occupied fourth place nationally in contaminating emissions. The aim of the study was to determine the impact of air pollution on the frequency of pulmonary function alterations and respiratory symptoms in school-age children in a longitudinal repeated-measures study.
We recruited a cohort of children from 6 to 14 years of age, from two Cited by: The World Health Organization has stated that air pollution accounts for million deaths worldwide every year. This article reviews the association of air pollutants with all major causes of death.
Those associations understood, it becomes clear that outdoor air pollution is likely to be an even greater cause of mortality across the globe than is currently Air Pollutants and the Respiratory Tract (Lung Biology in Health and Disease): the effects of specific air toxins and contaminants on various populations chronically exposed to these compounds; and the complex issues associated with translating science to public health policy.
# in Pulmonary & Thoracic Medicine # in Occupational 5/5(1). Air pollution occurs when harmful or excessive quantities of substances are introduced into Earth's s of air pollution include gases (such as ammonia, carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide, nitrous oxides, methane and chlorofluorocarbons), particulates (both organic and inorganic), and biological may cause diseases, allergies and even death to.
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, or COPD, is an ongoing lung disorder that makes it hard to breathe. The main cause of COPD is smoking, but you don’t have to Author: R. Morgan Griffin. Obviously, the most exposed people are those working and living in polluted air environments (e.g.
various industries and buildings with pollutants in indoor air due to various causes). Additionally, big city smog is a reality all over the world, involving outdoor air pollution and potentially affecting a large number of people.
T1 - Pulmonary health effects of air pollution. AU - Kurt, Ozlem Kar. AU - Zhang, Jingjing. AU - Pinkerton, Kent E. PY - /3/1. Y1 - /3/1. N2 - Purpose of the review Air pollution continues to be a major public health concern affecting nine out of 10 individuals living in urban areas by: emissions—air pollution has been present in various scenarios.
Today, approximately 50% of the people in the world live in cities and urban areas and are exposed to progressively higher levels of air pollutants. This is a non-systematic review on the different types and sources of air pollutants, as well as on the respiratory.
We conducted a cohort study to assess the impact of air pollutants in CF. The study included patients over the age of 6 years enrolled in the Cystic Fibrosis Foundation National Patient Registry in and Exposure was assessed by linking air pollution values from the Aerometric Information Retrieval System with the patients' home zip by: Numerous studies have demonstrated that short-term fluctuations in ambient air pollutants such as ozone (O 3), particulates with median aerodynamic diameter.
Air pollution is a major public health threat, particularly in urban areas with high traffic [1–3].Current scientific evidence has demonstrated a potential association between urban air pollutants and adverse health effects, particularly those that affect the respiratory and cardio-vascular systems [4, 5].Children, the elderly and subjects suffering from chronic disease are Cited by: Urban air pollution and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A review Article in European Respiratory Journal 17(5) June with 39 Reads How we measure 'reads'.
Air pollutants: modulators of pulmonary host resistance against infection PETER T. THOMAS Covance Laboratories, Madison, Wisconsin, USA JUDITH T.
ZELIKOFF Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York, New York, USA INTRODUCTION Clean air is essential to preserve the health of the respiratory by: Rhinovirus (RV) is a major cause of the common cold and more severe respiratory illnesses including asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbations, pneumonia, and bronchiolitis.
RV is a nonenveloped, single-stranded RNA virus belonging to the Enterovirus genus in the family Picornaviridae. (). Evidence for Interaction between Air Pollution and High Temperature in the Causation of Excess Mortality. Archives of Environmental Health: An International Journal: Vol.
48, No. 4, pp. Cited by: Air pollution is associated with adverse health effects in individuals with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
It is uncertain if and how individuals with COPD differ from former smokers without airflow obstruction in their response to naturally occurring episodes of particulate air pollution.
We hypothesized that episodic temperature inversions with high .Air pollutants, such as particulate matter and ozone, irritate the lungs, and people with respiratory diseases like COPD are particularly sensitive to air pollution.
It is important for people with COPD to monitor air quality in their area and modify their activities and level of exertion as needed .